How to defragment a hard disk in Windows 2000/XP
Over time, files on your hard disk can become fragmented. Your computer will continue to work - but the more fragmented the files become, the slower it will run. Thus, periodically defragmenting your drive is a good way to speed up your PC. Instructions for doing this are below.
Note: the procedure below assumes you want to defragment your C: drive. Substitute the appropriate drive letter if you wish to defragment a different drive.
Note: we recommend that you do not use the computer while defragmentation is performed.
- restart the computer, then log back in - doing this first ensures the defragmentation process runs optimally. Do not open any programs until you have completed the steps below.
- open My Computer
- in the left panel, right-click the C: drive and select Properties...
- click the Tools tab
- click the Defragment Now... button
- click the Defragment button
- wait for the defragmentation process to complete (this may take some time - 20 minutes or more)
- close the Disk Defragmenter tool
- close the C: drive Properties window
- close My Computer
It's also useful to defragment your other hard disks (if any), USB keys (thumb/flash drives), and even memory cards.